2 edition of energy, economic, and environmental consequences of increased vehicle size and weight found in the catalog.
energy, economic, and environmental consequences of increased vehicle size and weight
Oregon State University. Transportation Research Institute.
by Dept. of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of University Research, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va
Written in English
|Statement||R. D. Layton ... [et al.].|
|Series||Report - Research and Special Programs Administration ; no. DOT/RSPA/DPB-50/78/26, Report - Research and Special Programs Administration ; no. DOT/RSPA/DPB-50/78/27|
|Contributions||Layton, Robert D., United States. Dept. of Transportation. Office of University Research.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||2 v. :|
Economic Inquiry, Vol. 49, No. 3, July , doi: /jx. Abstract: “I find evidence of a negative association between gasoline prices and body weight using a fixed effects model with several robustness checks. I also show that increases in gas prices are associated with additional walking and a reduction in. The use of lightweight materials (carbon-fiber reinforced plastic, wrought aluminum, etc.) in vehicle manufacture results in higher vehicle-cycle greenhouse gas emissions, but also in improved.
Kelley Blue Book put the average October new car sale at $34,; National Income and Product Accounts data imply an average October price of $32, Car batteries are very strong energy consumers (a car battery could light a house for 3 days). By , EVs will displace 8 million barrels of transport fuel per day, and add 5% to global electricity consumption, with 20% increase in cities and surging up to 50% at peak times.
Which of the following would most likely have the greatest positive impact on the quality of the natural environment worldwide? (E) Stabilization or reduction of the size of the human population The diagram above illustrates how the number of individuals in a population changed with time as a result of external stresses and resource limitations. And this has a big impact on a vehicle’s efficiency -- reducing a vehicle’s weight by 10 percent can improve the fuel economy by 6 to 8 percent. Lightweight materials also allow cars -- particularly electric vehicles -- to carry advanced emission control systems, safety devices and electronic systems without increasing their weight.
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Energy, economic, and environmental consequences of increased vehicle size and weight. Washington: Dept. of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of University Research ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type.
Greater economic and environmental benefit would therefore be gained from an increase in vehicle dimensions than from a further increase in the weight limit. The case for enlarging vehicles also appears to be strengthening as a result of a long term decline in the average density of road by: The interaction of vehicles and tires with various surface and structural features of roadways impact rolling resistance, hence fuel consumption of vehicles.
Efficient interaction of vehicles with the roadway provides new opportunities to reduce transportation systems environmental impacts. A roughness–speed impact (RSI) model was developed to quantify the energy and environmental impacts due to vehicle Cited by: The average weight compounding factors, to account added vehicle structural support, are for dual-fuel vehicles and for dedicated CNG vehicles.[5,8,9] Therefore, the total increase in weight of these vehicles over the weight of their gasoline-only counterparts is estimated to be Ibs.
The effect this has on the weight and range of heavy-duty vehicles depends a great deal on the application. As will be shown in Chapter 5, putting enough storage capacity on a heavy-duty vehicle for it to have equivalent range on CNG as its gasoline or diesel counterpart increases vehicle weight.
Comparison of the energy and environmental impact by integrating a H2 vehicle and an electric vehicle into a zero-energy building. Comparison of the energy and environmental impact by integrating a H.
vehicle and an electric vehicle into a zero-energy Cited by: Vehicles traveling with a full load and with an increased weight can result in economic and environmental benefits in the long term; however they may outweigh more negative than positive effects.
This study evaluates the potential economic and environmental benefits available by providing renewable energy for electric vehicle charging at public electric vehicle service equipment (EVSE).
Willingness to pay (WTP) for charging an electric vehicle using renewable energy was collected through a U.S.-wide online survey of Plugin Electric Cited by: NBER Program(s):Environment and Energy Program. The firm response to regulation is seldom as controversial as in the context of fuel economy standards, a dominant policy to reduce emissions from vehicles worldwide.
It has long been argued that such standards lead to vehicle weight changes that increase accident by: 3. Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation Final Report prepared for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, US Department of Energy Prepared by Tom Wenzel Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division.
The evidence for social and environmental factors that contribute to obesity are often underappreciated. Obesity prevalence is significantly associated with sex, racial ethnic identity, and socioeconomic status, which creates complex relationships between each of these characteristics.
Food availability remains an important factor associated with obesity that relates to differences in Cited by: 1. Possible environmental consequences of using non-local resources include the risk of oil spills as oil is transported over waterways, increased air pollution from water and land transportation of resources, and habitat loss that comes from pipeline construction and other infrastructures.
However, batteries have a considerably lower energy density than liquid fuel: When a vehicle is filled with 10 gallons of gasoline, it contains approximately kWh of energy embodied in the fuel. The vehicle weighs an additional 28 kg, and it gradually loses those that File Size: KB.
However, batteries have a considerably lower specific energy than liquid fuel: when a vehicle is filled with 10 gal (38 L) of gasoline, it contains approximately kWh of energy embodied in the fuel. The vehicle weighs an additional 28 kg, and it gradually loses that Cited by: Increased body weight was associated with increased risk of mortality and increased risk of severe injury.
The odds ratio for death was (95% CI:) for each kilogram increase in. environmental impact of BEVs and ICEVs, and both reports describe the policy implications that arise from their findings.
However, UCS and NBER reach drastically different conclusions. polluting nuclear energy, but with serious environmental consequences by its spent fuels. One may thus conclude that over 90% of electricity generated in the US in was ed actually produc by nonrenewable and environmentally unfriendly - energy sources.
Nature. Electric Vehicles. Figure 3 US Electric Power Generations by Mixed Energy Sources. It has been shown that for typical passenger vehicles, a 10% increase in vehicle mass corresponds to a % to % increase in energy usage .
Neglecting mass variations negatively affects the. Impact of Electric Vehicles on energy market. there is a need to understand the effects EV might have on energy markets. the threshold limit for economic and environmental balance is. an increased cost and weight of the vehicle, whereas under-sizing might result in higher fuel consumption and diminished value to the consumer.
The difference between the open-circuit voltage (OCV) and the voltage at which a cell achieves the rated power is one of the most important factors in the design of a battery (i.e. One study evaluated the potential impacts of four scenarios, each with unknown likelihoods. The most optimistic scenario projected a 40% decrease in total road transport energy and the most pessimistic scenario projected a % increase in total road transport energy.
Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives Soren T. Anderson, Carolyn Fischer, Ian Parry, James M. Sallee. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in September NBER Program(s):Environment and Energy Economics, Public Economics. This paper discusses fuel economy regulations in the United States and other countries.Federal government regulations have and will continue to greatly influence and impact vehicle size/weight and development of new automotive technologies.
Current Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards of mpg for passenger vehicles and light-duty trucks will increase to mpg by and then rise again to mpg by